MHDD Fact Sheets​

Self-Determination & Dignity of Risk Fact Sheet ...
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Everyone experiences stress. Difficult situations can bring on negative emotions and sometimes feel like too much. People do not always ...
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As people get older, they have a higher chance of having disabilities. People that already have one or more disabilities ...
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People who experience dual diagnosis are people who experience a developmental disability and a mental health concern. It is a ...
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Developmental disabilities are conditions that affect an individual’s physical, intellectual, and behavioral abilities throughout a person’s life. Families raising a ...
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Featured Resources​

Crisis Intervention for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities

This course will guide you in an investigation of the phases of a crisis process. You will explore crisis prevention by identifying situations in the environment that can evolve into a crisis and the strategies which might be employed in these situations to prevent or lessen the impact of a crisis. You will also investigate post-event teaching strategies that may be employed to support people after a crisis as well as help to prevent future crises. This course is written for direct support professionals and frontline supervisors who support people with disabilities.

Crisis Prevention and Management Planning

Basic training for primary care providers to prevent and manage behaviors related to mental health symptoms.

Curricular Resource on Issues of Disability and Disability-Competent Care

This guide provides a foundation for integrating disability content into social work education.

Determinantes sociales que afectan la salud de la comunidad hispana/latinx con discapacidades (Social Determinants Affecting the Health of the Hispanic/Latinx Community with Disabilities)

Resumen en lenguaje sencillo: Determinantes sociales que afectan la salud de la comunidad hispana/latinx con discapacidades

Nota: Elegimos utilizar tanto hispanos como latinos para incluir a personas de varios países. Esto se debe a que las opiniones difieren sobre qué países incluyen cada uno de los términos hispanos y latinos. Además, usamos Latinx porque es un término inclusivo de género. Latino y Latina se usan generalmente para referirse específicamente a un hombre o una mujer respectivamente.

Muchos adultos hispanos / latinos (abreviados como H / L) con afecciones mentales graves no reciben tratamiento. Los grupos que sufren discriminación, como las personas con discapacidades y la población H / L, a menudo experimentan disparidades de salud. Las disparidades en la salud ocurren cuando la salud general de un grupo es significativamente diferente de la salud general del grupo mayoritario. Una persona H / L con una discapacidad puede experimentar desafíos superpuestos que afectan su salud. Por ejemplo, puede ser difícil encontrar un proveedor de salud mental culturalmente sensible que también acepte clientes con discapacidades.

La salud de una persona se ve afectada principalmente por los determinantes sociales. Los determinantes sociales están relacionados con las condiciones en las que nace, vive, trabaja y envejece una persona. Tres áreas principales de determinantes sociales son el entorno social, el entorno físico y el acceso a la atención médica.

El entorno social de una persona se ve afectado por factores como la educación, los antecedentes culturales y los ingresos. En 2017, los hogares hispanos tenían un ingreso anual promedio que era $ 20,000 menos que los hogares no hispanos. Además, las personas con discapacidad tienen más probabilidades de vivir en la pobreza. Si una persona tiene dificultades económicas, es posible que no busque servicios de salud mental y se centrará en otras necesidades.

Nuestro entorno físico incluye factores como el transporte, las condiciones de la vivienda y el entorno natural. Aspectos de nuestro entorno físico pueden afectar nuestra salud física, como la calidad del aire y el agua. La salud física de una persona también puede afectar su salud mental. Además, las barreras de transporte pueden hacer que las personas retrasen o pierdan citas médicas.

El acceso a la atención médica puede verse afectado por el lugar donde vive una persona, si tiene seguro médico o la calidad de su seguro. A veces, debido al estado migratorio, es posible que una persona no tenga acceso a los recursos porque no sabe si califica. Para obtener más información, puede visitar el sitio web de Health Care del gobierno en inglés o español.

Puede resultar difícil cambiar algunos determinantes sociales. Sin embargo, existen recursos que puede utilizar para apoyar su salud.

Los centros de salud calificados a nivel federal (FQHC – siglas en inglés) son clínicas de salud comunitarias con una amplia gama de servicios, incluidos los de salud mental. Muchas FQHC se especializan en poblaciones desatendidas y se pueden encontrar en áreas rurales. Los FQHC tienen programas de tarifas variables y no requieren seguro médico. Puede encontrar un FQHC en su área usando la herramienta de búsqueda Find a Health Center.

Los Centros para Ancianos y Discapacitados (ADRC – siglas en inglés) pueden ayudar a las personas con discapacidades a encontrar opciones de transporte. Puede usar la herramienta de búsqueda Eldercare para encontrar información de contacto de ADRC cerca de usted. También puede llamar a su número 1-800-677-1116 que tiene disponible especialistas en información que hablan español.

Los Centros para la Vida Independiente (CIL- siglas en inglés) pueden ayudar a conectar personas con discapacidades con los recursos comunitarios. Los CIL pueden hacer referencias para servicios y ofrecer asistencia para la transición. Puede encontrar CIL en su estado en el sitio web de Utilización de investigaciones de vida independiente.

Lea la hoja informativa completa sobre Determinantes sociales que afectan la salud de la comunidad hispana/latinx con discapacidades.

Plain Language Summary: Social Determinants Affecting the Health of the Hispanic/Latinx Community with Disabilities

Note: We choose to use both Hispanic and Latinx to be inclusive of people from various countries. This is because opinions differ on what countries Hispanic and Latinx each include. Also, we use Latinx because it is a gender inclusive term. Latino and Latina are usually used to refer to a male or female specifically.

Many Hispanic/Latinx (abbreviated as H/L) adults with serious mental health conditions do not receive treatment. Groups that experience discrimination, such as people with disabilities and the H/L population, often experience health disparities. Health disparities are when a group’s overall health is significantly different from the majority group’s overall health. A H/L person with a disability can experience overlapping challenges that affect their health. For example, it can be difficult to find a culturally responsive mental health provider who also accepts clients with disabilities.

A person’s health is mostly affected by social determinants. Social determinants are related to conditions a person is born in, lives, works, and ages in. Three main areas of social determinants are social environment, physical environment, and access to healthcare.

A person’s social environment is affected by factors such as education, cultural background, and income. In 2017, Hispanic households had a median annual income that was $20,000 less than non-Hispanic households. Also, people with disabilities are more likely to live in poverty. If a person has financial struggles, they may not seek out mental health services and will focus on other needs.

Our physical environment includes factors like transportation, housing conditions, and the natural environment. Aspects of our physical environment can affect our physical health, such as air and water quality. A person’s physical health can impact their mental health too. Also, transportation barriers can lead to people delaying or missing medical appointments.

Access to healthcare can be affected by where a person lives, if they have health insurance, or the quality of their insurance. Sometimes because of immigration status, a person may not access resources because they do not know if they qualify. For more information, you can visit the government Health Care website in English or Spanish.

It can be difficult to change some social determinants. However, there are resources you can use to support your health.

Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) are community health clinics with a wide range of services, including mental health services. Many FQHCs specialize in underserved populations and can be found in rural areas. FQHCs have sliding fee programs and do not require health insurance. You can find an FQHC in your area using the Find a Health Center search tool.

Aging and Disability Centers (ADRCs) can help people with disabilities find transportation options. You can use the Eldercare search tool to find contact information for ADRCs near you. You can also call their number 1-800-677-1116 which has Spanish-speaking information specialists available.

Centers for Independent Living (CILs) can help to connect people with disabilities with community resources. CILs can make referrals for services and offer transition assistance. You can find CILs in your state by going to the Independent Living Research Utilization website.

Read the full Social Determinants Affecting the Health of the Hispanic/Latinx Community with Disabilities Fact Sheet.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-5)

A diagnostic manual for working with the general population and understanding their mental health concerns. This is not a free product but can be found for sale online, from several sources.

Diagnostic Manual-Intellectual Disability Second Edition (DM-ID-2)

The DM-ID-2 provides state-of-the-art information concerning mental disorders in persons with intellectual disabilities. Grounded in evidence based methods and supported by the expert-consensus model, DM-ID-2 offers a broad examination of the issues involved in applying diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders to persons with intellectual disabilities. This is not a free product but can be found for sale online, from several sources.

green and blue logo for mental health and developmental disability natinoal training center

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